Diseases of the spinal cord have manifestations in the limbs and trunk and sometimes affect micturition defecation and sexual function their symptoms and signs depend on the level of the lesion and the affected structures conducting pathways anterior horn cells or the entire cross sectional extent of the spinal cord 711 anatomy. Diseases of the spinal cord are frequently devastating they produce quadriplegia paraplegia and sensory deficits far beyond the damage they would inflict elsewhere in the nervous system because the spinal cord contains in a small cross sectional area almost the entire motor output and sensory input of the trunk and limbs. Furthermore neurosurgical procedures and endovascular treatments of spinal cord diseases have been improved and perfected to avoid severe neurological sequelae this textbook provides an interdisciplinary overview of the new imaging modalities identifies clues for mr imaging diagnosis and differential diagnosis and describes the anatomical background required to understand spinal cord . Degenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy symptoms vary but might include pain numbness loss of sensation and muscle weakness these symptoms can occur around the spinal cord and also in other areas such as your arms and legs treatments often include medicines and surgery
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